Khao Lak (Thai: เขา หลัก) is a holiday region on the west coast of Thailand near the Andaman Sea. It is located about 60 kilometers north of Phuket in the district (Amphoe) of Takua Pa, Phang Nga province, southern Thailand. The region was named after the adjoining mountain and means translated about pole mountain. Tourism is the largest industry in the region, which is prized for its proximity to the Andaman Sea, especially by scuba divers and other water sports enthusiasts. Since the end of the 80s, the infrastructure has been constantly improved and adapted to the needs of growing tourism. The main town of the region is the small town of La Ohn and here is the well-known Nang Thong Beach. Larger villages are sought in vain between Phuket and Takua Pa. In this area, the landscape is characterized by white sandy beaches and green rainforest that are unequaled.
Khao Lak is approximately 60 kilometers from the airport in Phuket. A taxi ride from the airport to La Ohn - the center of Khao Lak - takes about 1.5 hours and costs around 1500 THB (about 50 EUR) each way. From about 22:00 clock require most taxi drivers a night surcharge, then the trip can sometimes cost 2000 THB. There is also the possibility to travel by bus from Bangkok to Khao Lak, the journey takes 12-16 hours depending on the provider and costs between 1100 and 1500 THB. The buses are air conditioned and generally quite comfortable. There are stops every few hours at rest areas where you can stretch your legs.
There is also the possibility to travel from Bangkok by train to Phuket and from there by bus or taxi to Khao Lak. We would not recommend this option, as it is usually faster and cheaper to fly from Bangkok to Phuket by plane and take a taxi from there. From the airports in Bangkok several flights fly daily to Phuket and are also easy to book on site. The cost of a trip from Bangkok by plane or return is between 1000 and 2000 THB depending on the offer and the flight time is 75 minutes. Watch out! If you travel with a lot of luggage, you have to be prepared for juicy additional fees. It is best in advance to look for flights in time and to find out about the costs.
Being close to Phuket and the Similan and Surin maritime national parks, which are among the most popular dive sites in the world, Khao Lak has become one of the most popular tourist destinations for divers. But for those who do not want to dive, Khao Lak offers a variety of activities such as day trips to elephant care camps, exploring the nearby waterfalls or just relaxing on one of the beautiful sandy beaches. However, the most popular are the multi-day jungle expeditions in the Khao Sok National Park and thus one of the oldest rainforests on our planet. Here, for example, you can observe elephants in the wild and spend the night in tree-house hotels or on the park's huge reservoir in floating settlements. Through the huge variety of ways to experience nature in all its beauty in all sorts of ways, the small settlement of Khao Lak has become the central starting point for tourists, as we know and love it today.
The Andaman Sea (Thai ทะเล อันดามัน), is a marginal sea of the eastern Indian Ocean. The coast is formed by Thailand, Myanmar, Malaysia and the Indonesian island Sumatragebildet, where Thailand's coastal share alone is already 740 km. In the west, the Anderman Lake to the Bay of Bengal is delimited by the Indian Union territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is connected to the South China Sea by the Straits of Malacca in the south.
From the river delta of the Irrawaddy (Irawady, Ayeyarwady) in the north to the entrance of the Strait of Malacca, the Anderman Lake extends over almost 1,200 km and measures 650 km at its widest point. The total area is 797,700 km² with a measured maximum depth of 4,180 m.
The water temperature at the surface is between 27.5 ° C to 30 ° C.
The Andaman Sea rises from the Backarc basin, which was formed when the Indian plate hit the Eurasian plate. Over the seabed, a tectonic fracture zone extends north-south between the Burma plate to the west and the Sunda plate to the east. Here you will find several islands of volcanic origin, with Barren Island being the only one below which has an active volcano.
On December 26, 2004, as a result of the Sumatran Andaman quake, the islands and shores were devastated by a severe tsunami, killing at least 230,000 people.